The Rostekhnadzor is a Russian governmental supervisory body which oversees compliance with certain mandatory industrial safety rules and environmental legislation, which include safety procedures relating to the installation, deployment and operation of technical devices and machinery, production and technological processes. It also issues licenses for certain industrial activities and activities relating to safety and environmental protection, such as licenses for exploitation of inflammable facilities and conduct of operations involving the use of explosives, surveyors’ works and use of dangerous wastes; maintains a register of dangerous facilities; and establishes limits for waste disposal.
TogliattiAzot is a Russian chemical company, sometimes described as the world’s largest ammonia producer. It is headquartered in Tolyatti, Russia.
Togliattiazot is the only company in the world capable to produce annually more than 3 million tones of ammonia. The factory exports its products to more than 120 countries all over the world. Yet such unique enterprise finds itself in deep troubles with the only country’s industrial safety supervisor Rostekhnadzor which found 558 technical violations on the enterprise. In 2011 ToAZ could produce just 2.5 million tons of ammonia with the capacity of more than 3 million tons, and 544 thousand tons of urea, although the equipment is designed to produce up to 1 million tons. Production delays and safety warnings may may lead to several risks, including potential accident or ban of production issued by the state.
There were also reports regarding ineffective and damaging for the industry business model, chosen by ToAZ management. Research and Design Institute of Nitrogen Industry and Organic Synthesis Products has issued a report valuing efficiency of capacity loads on industrial enterprises of the chemistry and fertilizers production sector. According to the report ToAZ uses four Chemico (USA) ammonia machines with project capacity of 450 thousand tons and three Russian-made GIAP machines with project capacity of 450 thousand tons. In 2011 combine used only 75% of Chemico capacities and 86,5% of the capacities of GIAP machines. In 2010 there were only frightening 46,2% of Chemico capacities used. The report also claims that ToAZ is the leader in the repair downtimes for all of the machines. In 2011 Chemico machine has been down for 44,7 days, while GIAP was down 50,3 days what compared to the industrial average of 10-26 days is simply a disaster.
Such negligent strategy aimed at receiving huge short-term profits couldn’t include any investments in ecological and recycling capacities what resulted in more than 500 ecological and safety violations found by Rostekhnadzor, Russian ecological and work-safety watchdog, in 2011.
Russian media reports that the amount of pollution produced by the combine increased by 300 tons in 2011 compared to 2010, while ecological investments by the combine management has been a pity 12 million roubles, cut by 7 million compared what they did in 2010. Such ecological strategy would inevitably attract the attention of Rosprirodnadzor, which monitors ammonia producers as a part of ecologically risky industry.